Last year more than 90% of businesses were hit by the fuel crisis, 66% by rail problems and 63% by flooding, but very few have learned the importance of disaster planning, the Business Continuity Institute (BCI) has said.

The institute is holding Business Continuity Week this week, because it said businesses were failing to recognise the importance of business continuity management.

The BCI, with the Guardian IT Group and the Business Research Establishment, has produced a free publication called the Business Guide to Continuity Management.

The guide is supported by the Association of Insurance and Risk Managers, Marsh and Royal & Sunalliance.

BCI chief executive John Sharp said that of all the businesses affected by last year's disasters, only 45% had now taken action to reduce the impact of another fuel crisis and only 16% and 23% respectively had thought about preparing for further rail and flood problems.

“Business continuity management is a key discipline that all organisations, small and large, should incorporate into their business,” Sharp said.